Stages of Osteoarthritis

The Stages of Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most frequently diagnosed type of arthritis, with more than 27 million Americans suffering from the joint disease. OA is devastating to individual quality of life and even to the economy. Along with the hips and hands, knees are one of the primary areas of the body impacted by osteoarthritis.

In the case of knee osteoarthritis, beyond knee pain and reduction in joint function, the disease can lead to:

·      Disability

·      Reduced productivity in the workplace

·      Artificial joint operations

·      High health costs to society.

Furthermore, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) notes that this knee pain disorder is on the rise. “Public health data show that the prevalence, health impact, and economic consequences of osteoarthritis are expected to increase dramatically during the next couple of decades,” reports the agency. “Approximately 1 in 2 people may develop symptomatic knee OA in their lifetime.”

The three stages of osteoarthritis

There are three basic stages of development used to describe osteoarthritis knee pain: mild, moderate, and severe.

1. Mild Osteoarthritis

When osteoarthritis first becomes noticeable on medical images, the patient may feel very little pain or limitation to their mobility.

Typically the area around the joints starts to feel stiff and uncomfortable, particularly when the joint is challenged – for example, when a certain sitting posture is held for an extended period, after rising in the morning, during use of a staircase, or following a workout.

When osteoarthritis is mild, the osseous and soft tissue around the joint are essentially the same in x-rays.

2. Moderate Osteoarthritis

As the disease progresses into its moderate form, inflammation at the joint becomes more apparent. It may become difficult to bend the knee or fully extend the leg, and a patient may hear the joint make popping or snapping sounds when they walk.

At this stage, the bones become rougher and develop spurs at the joints. The gap between the bones may also become less apparent.

3. Severe Osteoarthritis

At this advanced phase of the disease, it may become challenging and excruciating to use your body in typical everyday ways, including walking and descending stairs.

More spurs may develop, and the joint space may completely disappear – resulting in friction between the bones.

Deformity is also a possibility once osteoarthritis becomes severe.

Medical images vs. pain

The three stages of osteoarthritis are identifiable through x-rays and symptoms, says UK physiotherapist Chloe Wilson, who recommends to focus on how you feel. “Some people … suffering from a great deal of osteoarthritis knee pain may only show mild changes on x-ray,” she says. “It is much more important to concentrate on your symptoms, rather than what your x-ray shows.”

Are you suffering from knee pain? Experience the Flexogenix difference

29 Comments
  1. Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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    Andy mayoral

    Have knee pain, one knee swells up like a grapefruit when I walk or stand too long. Interested in finding out more info about your program.

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      Dr. Whalen

      Andy, simply call us at 1-800-OK-KNEE-2 to schedule a consultation and evaluation with our physician.

  2. Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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    Farah

    Dear OH centre , can you please help me by sending me some exercise details of how I can reduce my knee Oa pain? I want to reduce my weight but don’t know how? I live in a third floor flat with no lift.please help.regards Farah

    • Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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      Dr. Whalen

      Hi Farah. We have several treatment options for all stages of osteoarthritis. Our physician can meet with you and provide a consultation and evaluation without any obligation. Simply call us at 1-800-OK-KNEE-2 to schedule an appointment.

  3. Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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    Vickie Hicks

    My knee has been hurting so bad for months now. I have had cortisone shot in it and use voltaren gel and Celebrex . It pops and crackles when I walk it’s awful . Is there a Dr. In my area that does this injection ?

    • Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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      Dr. Mogannam

      Hi Vickie! We’re currently open in 3 locations: Cary/Raleigh, NC, Charlotte, NC and Los Angeles, CA. We will be opening a new clinic soon in South Bay, CA and another in Greensboro, NC. Feel free to contact us at 1-800-OK-KNEE-2 to schedule a consultation or if you have any other questions.

  4. Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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    James McDermott

    Is any of the stem cell therapy covered by Medicare?

    • Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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      Dr. Mogannam

      Hi James! The extent of coverage vary per treatment and per carrier, and part of our personal consultation helps determine coverage. We would be happy to provide a personal consultation, simply call us at 1-800-OK-KNEE-2 to get this scheduled.

  5. Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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    jg

    I have just finished a round of having fluid injected in my knee, but still have instability. Have had 2 opinions as to needing replacement. How does your injection of the fluid differ from my orthopedic center and is instability when walking so that one falls or nearly falls something that is treated there. Thank you. Can you reply to my email personally.

  6. Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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    Gloria B. Ross

    I have had a knee replacement in my left knee. X-rays show I have no cartilage in my right knee. Would I be a candidate for this treatment in my right knee? I walk in pain daily.

    • Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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      The Flexogenix Team

      Hi Gloria, we’ve had great success with many patients who were told that surgery was their only option. Since each patient is different it is best if you call us at 1-888-YES-FLEX or visit us at http://www.flexogenix.com in order to schedule a consultation with one of our physicians. We look forward to seeing you soon!

  7. Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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    Deanna Breakfield

    My knees have been bone on bone for 5 years. I was sent to a specialist to have knee replacements and because I am allergic to all pain medication, I was told they could not do anything. I am overweight due to not being able to exercise, and I am seeking help to go forward without living with this pain. I know it is only Jesus Christ that gets me through each day, and I do know He can just say a word and my knees be restored like new, or Flexogenix may be the miracle He has for me. With the issue of bone on bone for that long, and 4 and 5 tears in each knee, and the weight issue, do you think you can help me?

    • Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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      The Flexogenix Team

      Hi Deanna. We have had tremendous results with patients who have been previously told they were “bone-on-bone” and would need a total knee replacement, including patients who are overweight. Our therapeutic approaches are designed to eliminate the need for joint replacement while improving function and reducing pain and instability. Give us a call at 1-888-YES-FLEX or visit us at http://www.flexogenix.com to schedule a consultation at our clinic.

  8. Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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    Pat

    I had surgery on my left knee. My right knee is bone on bone and I am in a wheel chair. Was told I need knee surgery on my right knee now. Had this for over 5yrs. When will your south bay office be opening it is closer to me. I am 67 yrs.old

    • Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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      The Flexogenix Team

      Hi Pat. We strongly recommend that you set up a consultation with us prior to having surgery on your right knee. We don’t have a set date yet, but the South Bay office will be opening up some time in April. Feel free to call us at 1-888-YES-FLEX if you have any other questions!

  9. Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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    Shelia

    Is Flexogenix helpful if there is a meniscus tear?

    • Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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      The Flexogenix Team

      Hi Sheila! Yes, our Regene-Flex treatment can treat meniscus tears. Please call us at 1-888-YES-FLEX if you have any other questions or to schedule a consultation. You can also request a consultation online at flexogenix.com.

  10. Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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    Jack Reitzel

    I have a torn meniscus in my left knee which happened while bowling just over a year ago. So far the pain I have is fairly minor and is managed by taking one 100 mg Diclophenac daily. Occasionally I tweak it and it hurts and swells. I want to know if your treatments can do anything to possibly help repair this condition to head off further damage and debilitating arthritis down the road.

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      Jack Reitzel

      Maybe I should also add that I am 70 and have already had a right knee replacement in 2013 due to arthritis in that knee.

      • Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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        The Flexogenix Team

        Hi Jack,
        You can call us at 1-888-YES-FLEX for more information and to schedule a personal consultation without obligation. We need to personally analyze your condition to find out if the treatment can help you.

  11. Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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    J. B. Ramey

    I live a long way from the nearest Flexogenic facility. If your consultation determines that I am a candidate for your treatment, how many visits are required for the average patient?

    • Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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      The Flexogenix Team

      Our shortest possible treatment protocol could be completed in 3 visits. Please contact our clinic at 1-888-YES-FLEX for more details!

  12. Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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    Jennifer Hayes

    Hi. My name is Jenna. I am 41. Both knees starting at the age of 12 would dislocate. The right knee at the age of 19 dislocated for the 8th time and caused a lot of damage. Long story short I have been in horrible pain for the last 2 years and just had surgery to repair a torn meniscus. My Dr. Told me I’m at a stage 3. I work in a factory 10-12 hours a day. They recommend I find a new job.Do you know how quick it will go to stage 4 if I stay at my job? I can’t imagine a knee replacement before I’m 60. Do you have a rough estimate of how long I can go without a new knee? Thank you..

    • Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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      The Flexogenix Team

      Hi Jennifer, we would really need to personally analyze your knee to properly answer your questions. Our treatments are designed to eliminate the need for joint replacement while improving function and reducing pain and instability. We would be happy to provide a free personal consultation! Please call us at 1-888-YES-FLEX to schedule it. We’re looking forward to speaking with you!

  13. Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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    Dawn Styers

    Hi, I have severe osteoarthritis in Right knee and beginning osteoarthritis in Left knee. Been having cortisone injections in both knees but allergic to to hyaluronic acid. would I still be a candidate?

    • Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen

      Hi Dawn, we have a variety of treatment options available at our clinics. Please call us to learn more and schedule a free consultation – 888-YES-FLEX

  14. Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen
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    Joanna

    My mother is 88 years old and in constant pain due to arthritis and osteoporosis. All her orthopedic wants to do is give her cortisone shots – bandaids. I’ve watched my mother become more and more bed ridden in a time of her life when she should be out and about. I live in Charlotte and can bring her here for treatment. Because she is favoring her knees this has caused her great pain in her hips and back. I think it is due to a total misalignment throughout her body bone structure. Has this procedure been proven effective in folks her age? Thank you! Joanna

    • Avatar for Dr. Sean Whalen

      Hi, Joanna. Age is not a factor for eligibility or success of our treatments. We do provide a free personal consultation where we can determine if your mother is eligible for treatment and answer any question that you both may have. Simply call us at 888-YES-FLEX to schedule an appointment.

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